These nerves extend from the central nervous system to the outermost areas of the body. The peripheral system allows the brain and spinal cord to receive and send information to other areas of the body, which allows us to react to stimuli in our environment.
What is the relationship between the central and peripheral nervous systems and the sensory organs?
Sensory (afferent) – carry information INTO the central nervous system from sense organs or motor (efferent) – carry information away from the central nervous system (for muscle control). Cranial – connects the brain with the periphery or spinal – connects the spinal cord with the periphery.
Which of the following is a similarity between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system?
Question: 4. Which Of The Following Is A Similarity Between The Central Nervous System And The Peripheral Nervous System? … They Both Consist Of A Series Of Nerves That Connect The Brain And Spinal Cord With The Various Tissues Of The Body. …
What is the difference between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system quizlet?
The CNS ontains the brain and spinal cord. … The peripheral nervous system, or PNS, consists of the nerves and ganglia outside of the brain and the spinal cord.
What is the difference between the peripheral nervous system and sensory nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system or PNS contains the nerves, which leave the brain and the spinal cord and travel to certain areas of the body. … The sensory division collects the impulses from the sensory receptors in areas like skin, muscles, and organs, and also carries those impulses through the nerves to the CNS.
What are the major components of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system?
The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What is the difference between the central nervous system and the autonomic nervous system?
The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system. … The somatic nervous system transmits sensory and motor signals to and from the central nervous system. The autonomic nervous system controls the function of our organs and glands, and can be divided into the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
What are the similarities and differences between the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system?
The somatic nervous system has sensory and motor pathways, whereas the autonomic nervous system only has motor pathways. The autonomic nervous system controls internal organs and glands, while the somatic nervous system controls muscles and movement.
How will you differentiate the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system in terms of their functions?
The Central Nervous System (CNS) includes the brain and spinal cord. The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) connects the CNS to other parts of the body, and is composed of nerves (bundles of neurons). Not all animals have highly specialized nervous systems.
What are some problems of the nervous system?
Signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders
- Persistent or sudden onset of a headache.
- A headache that changes or is different.
- Loss of feeling or tingling.
- Weakness or loss of muscle strength.
- Loss of sight or double vision.
- Memory loss.
- Impaired mental ability.
- Lack of coordination.
What are the 3 functions of the central nervous system?
The nervous system has three broad functions: sensory input, information processing, and motor output. In the PNS, sensory receptor neurons respond to physical stimuli in our environment, like touch or temperature, and send signals that inform the CNS of the state of the body and the external environment.
What is the function of the peripheral nervous system quizlet?
What are the two major functions of the PNS? It’s two major functions are to carry information from the sensory organs and internal organs to the CNS, and to convey information between the CNS and all other parts of the body outside the brain and spinal cord.
What is the main function of the central nervous system quizlet?
The main functions of the central nervous system is to PROCESS information received through sensory systems and other parts of the body and to activate appropriate actions to the external/internal stimuli.
What are the two types of peripheral nerves?
Three types of peripheral nerves can be found within the two main areas of the peripheral nervous system:
- Sensory: Connects the brain and spinal cord to your skin and allow you to feel pain and other sensations.
- Autonomic: Controls involuntary function (e.g., blood pressure, digestion, heart rate).
What is an example of the peripheral nervous system?
Examples of the Peripheral Nervous System Response
When a bright light is suddenly turned on, sensory receptors in the eye communicate this to the CNS. The PNS mediates the response to this stimulus. … Your body may even move the skeletal muscles of the arm to shield the eye.
What is the peripheral nervous system comprised of?
The peripheral nervous system consists of the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord. These nerves form the communication network between the CNS and the body parts. The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.