What are the supporting cells of the central nervous system?

What are the supportive cells of the nervous system?

The support cells, which are also referred to as glial cells or neuroglia (nerve glue), help out in many ways:

  • They regulate the chemical environment around the neurons.
  • They protect neurons from foreign invaders.
  • They help neurons conduct impulses.
  • They stabilize the position of neurons.

What are the smallest supporting cells in the central nervous system?

In general, neuroglial cells are smaller than neurons. There are approximately 85 billion glia cells in the human brain, about the same number as neurons. Glial cells make up about half the total volume of the brain and spinal cord.

What do the nerve cells of the central nervous system do?

Cells of the nervous system, called nerve cells or neurons, are specialized to carry “messages” through an electrochemical process. The human brain has approximately 86 billion neurons. To learn how neurons carry messages, read about the action potential. Neurons come in many different shapes and sizes.

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What are the basic elements of nervous system?

The nervous system has two main parts:

  • The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord.
  • The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.

What are the two types of nervous system cells?

There are two broad classes of cells in the nervous system: neurons, which process information, and glia, which provide the neurons with mechanical and metabolic support. Three general categories of neurons are commonly recognized (Peters, Palay, & Webster, 1976).

What is the main supporting tissue of the central nervous system?

Glial Cells

What are the 3 types of nervous system?

There are three types of nerves in your body: autonomic nerves, motor nerves, and sensory nerves.

What are 3 types of glial cells?

There are three types of glial cells in the mature central nervous system: astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglial cells (Figure 1.4A—C). Astrocytes, which are restricted to the brain and spinal cord, have elaborate local processes that give these cells a starlike appearance (hence the prefix “astro”).

What are the four major components of the central nervous system?


  • 1.1 White and gray matter.
  • 1.2 Spinal cord. 1.2.1 Cranial nerves.
  • 1.3 Brain. 1.3.1 Brainstem. 1.3.2 Cerebellum. 1.3.3 Diencephalon. 1.3.4 Cerebrum.
  • 1.4 Difference from the peripheral nervous system.

What are the six main structures of the central nervous system?

These include structures such as the frontal and temporal lobes, the thalamus, the cerebellum, the putamen, mamillary bodies and fornix, and a convolution above the corpus callosum known as the cingulate gyrus.

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Where is nervous tissue found in the body?

Nervous tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It is responsible for coordinating and controlling many body activities.

What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the division of the nervous system containing all the nerves that lie outside of the central nervous system (CNS). The primary role of the PNS is to connect the CNS to the organs, limbs, and skin.

What are the three major components of nervous system in animals?

The three main components of nervous system are brain, spinal cord and nerves.

Applied Psychology