Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) controversies include concerns about its unclear existence, causes, perceived overdiagnosis, and methods of treatment, especially with the use of stimulant medications in children. These controversies have surrounded the subject since at least the 1970s.
Is ADHD real or an excuse?
Few diagnoses in psychiatry have stirred up as much controversy as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). For some critics, the label “ADHD” is merely an excuse for frustrated parents and overzealous doctors to “medicate away” a child’s annoying behaviors.
What disorder does ADHD fall under?
ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.
Why is it difficult to diagnose ADHD?
It is difficult to diagnose ADHD in children younger than 4 years. This is because younger children change very rapidly. It is also more difficult to diagnose ADHD once a child becomes a teenager. There is no single test for ADHD.
Is ADHD being overdiagnosed?
Overdiagnosis is a problem because it leads to overtreatment. The increasing diagnosis of adult ADHD could lead to stimulant prescriptions for people who would not benefit from them. The diagnosis of adult ADHD should be more systematic and carried out with caution.
Is ADHD a form of autism?
ADHD is not on the autism spectrum, but they have some of the same symptoms. And having one of these conditions increases the chances of having the other. Experts have changed the way they think about how autism and ADHD are related.
How a person with ADHD thinks?
Individuals with ADHD often see themselves as misunderstood, unappreciated, and attacked for no reason. Alienation is a common theme. Many think that only another person with ADHD could possibly “get” them.
Can ADHD go away?
ADHD changes over time, but it’s rarely outgrown
Though ADHD is chronic in nature, symptoms may certainly present in differing ways as a person moves through life stages. These symptoms may even diminish as that person grows older—for example, hyperactivity and fidgetiness may decrease with age.
Are you born with ADHD or do you get it?
Genetics. ADHD tends to run in families and, in most cases, it’s thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the condition. Research shows that parents and siblings of a child with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.
What triggers ADHD?
Common triggers include: stress, poor sleep, certain foods and additives, overstimulation, and technology. Once you recognize what triggers your ADHD symptoms, you can make the necessary lifestyle changes to better control episodes.
What happens if you dont treat ADHD?
Untreated ADHD in an adult can lead to significant problems with education, social and family situations and relationships, employment, self-esteem, and emotional health. It is never too late to recognize, diagnose, and treat ADHD and any other mental health condition that can commonly occur with it.
At what age is ADHD usually diagnosed?
Most children aren’t checked for ADHD until they’re school age, but kids as young as 4 can be diagnosed, according to guidelines set by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). At that age, many kids are active and impulsive.
What does untreated ADHD look like?
You may have arguments with others more often than your peers. And your partner or friends might have trouble getting you to listen. People with untreated ADHD have higher rates of divorce. You’re also more likely to be depressed or have low self-esteem.
Can ADHD turn into schizophrenia?
Children with ADHD are at a high risk of developing a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Children and teenagers with ADHD could be 4.3 times more likely to develop schizophrenia as adults than people without ADHD.
How common is ADHD misdiagnosed?
Overall, the study found that about 20 percent – or 900,000 – of the 4.5 million children currently identified as having ADHD likely have been misdiagnosed.
Is ADHD a psychotic disorder?
The DSM-5 classifies schizophrenia and ADHD as completely different conditions. Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder, while ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder.