Intergroup contact, that is, contact between members of different groups, is an effective means to reduce mutual prejudice and increase trust and forgiveness. … Reduced intergroup anxiety and increased empathy have been shown to mediate intergroup contact effects.
What does Intergroup mean in psychology?
Intergroup relations refers to interactions between individuals in different social groups, and to interactions taking place between the groups themselves collectively. It has long been a subject of research in social psychology, political psychology, and organizational behavior.
What is Intergroup Theory?
Developmental intergroup theory specifies the mechanisms and rules that govern the processes by which children single out groups as targets of stereotyping and prejudice, and by which children learn and construct both the characteristics (i.e., stereotypes) and affective responses (i.e., prejudices) that are associated …
What are the four tenets of intergroup contact theory?
The intergroup contact hypothesis was first proposed by Allport (1954), who suggested that positive effects of intergroup contact occur in contact situations characterized by four key conditions: equal status, intergroup cooperation, common goals, and support by social and institutional authorities (See Table 1).
What are the optimal prerequisites for successful intergroup contact?
Abstract and Figures. Allport specified four conditions for optimal intergroup contact: equal group status within the situation, common goals, intergroup cooperation and authority support. Varied research supports the hypothesis, but four problems remain.
What does intragroup mean?
Medical Definition of intragroup
: being or occurring within a single group increased intragroup hostility— J. B. Carroll.
What does Intergroup mean?
MICHAEL A. HOGG. Intergroup relations refers to the way in whiicii people in groups perceive, think about, feel about, and act toward people in other groups. If you replace the word “group” in intergroup with, for example, the words “national” or “ethnic,” then what is meant by intergroup rela- tions becomes clear.
What are the theories of intergroup relations?
Intergroup emotions theory relies on social identity and self-categorization theories, as well as appraisal theories of emotions at the individual and inter-indi- vidual level, to explain when emotions are likely to occur and influence intergroup processes and relations.
What are the factors that promote intergroup relations?
Researchers have since added other, broader variables that influence whether contact leads to positive results: societal factors, which include the structure of society, the historical and current relations between the groups that are in contact; the cultural background of the groups involved; and personal factors, …
What is conflict theory of intergroup relations?
The theory explains how intergroup hostility can arise as a result of conflicting goals and competition over limited resources, and it also offers an explanation for the feelings of prejudice and discrimination toward the outgroup that accompany the intergroup hostility.
Do you know the main idea of contact hypothesis?
The contact hypothesis is a theory in psychology which suggests that prejudice and conflict between groups can be reduced if members of the groups interact with each other.
Does intergroup contact reduce prejudice?
Intergroup contact typically reduces intergroup prejudice. The average mean effect across these varied studies is a correlation of -. 21. There is, however, great variation in effect sizes across the many studies even though only 6% of all these studies found that contact had no effect or led to increased prejudice.
Does the contact hypothesis work?
Intergroup contact and prejudice towards homosexuality
The contact hypothesis has proven to be highly effective in alleviating prejudice directed toward homosexuals.
What is direct contact in psychology?
Contact hypothesis refers to the belief that prejudices can be lessened or eliminated by direct contact between groups. In the modern world there are many organizations that exist to create forums for different religions and ethnic groups to learn about each other and discuss their differences.
What is extended contact?
The extended contact hypothesis proposes that knowledge that an in-group member has a close relationship with an out-group member can lead to more positive intergroup attitudes.
What is sustained contact psychology?
Sustained contact: sustained contact involves ongoing contact either directly or indirectly over a period of time. Sustained contact is used to break down a steroetype that was substantially based on minimal information obtained from other secondary sources. What is mutual interdependence and superordinate goals?