Nervous tissue contains two categories of cells — neurons and neuroglia. Neurons are highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve impulses. Neuroglia are supporting cells that provide physical sport, remove debris, and provide electrical insulation.
What are the characteristics of nervous tissue?
Nervous tissue is characterized as being excitable and capable of sending and receiving electrochemical signals that provide the body with information. Two main classes of cells make up nervous tissue: the neuron and neuroglia (Figure 4.5. 1 The Neuron).
What is unique about nervous tissue?
Nervous tissue is made up of cells called neurons and neuroglia. Each cell type has unique characteristics. Neurons are specialized to generate and conduct electrical activity, and neuroglia provide structural support to the neurons. … The cell body contains the nucleus, which serves as the metabolic center for the cell.
What are the two special characteristics of neurons?
The dendrites and axon are thin cytoplasmic extensions of the neuron. The dendrites, which branch out in treelike fashion from the cell body, are specialized to receive signals and transmit them toward the cell body. The single long axon carries signals away from the cell body.
What are the two types of nervous tissue cells?
Although the nervous system is very complex, there are only two main types of cells in nerve tissue. The actual nerve cell is the neuron. It is the “conducting” cell that transmits impulses and the structural unit of the nervous system. The other type of cell is neuroglia, or glial, cell.
What is nervous tissue and its functions?
Nervous tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It is responsible for coordinating and controlling many body activities. It stimulates muscle contraction, creates an awareness of the environment, and plays a major role in emotions, memory, and reasoning.
What are the two main functions of nervous tissue?
Integration and communication are the two major functions of nervous tissue. Nervous tissue contains two categories of cells — neurons and neuroglia. Neurons are highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve impulses.
Where is nervous tissue not found?
Brain, spinal cord and nerves constitute nervous tissue. Tendon is a fibrous connective tissue connecting bones to muscles. Nervous tissue is absent in tendon. These are made up of collagen.
How is nervous tissue formed?
It is composed of neurons, also known as nerve cells, which receive and transmit impulses, and neuroglia, also known as glial cells or glia, which assist the propagation of the nerve impulse as well as provide nutrients to the neurons. Nervous tissue is made up of different types of neurons, all have an axon.
What are the 3 types of nervous tissue?
4.4B: Types of Nervous Tissue
- Microglial Cells.
- Ependymal Cells.
- Satellite Cells.
- Schwann Cells.
What are the three special characteristics of neurons?
Nervous system cells are called neurons. They have three distinct parts, including a cell body, axon, and dendrites. These parts help them to send and receive chemical and electrical signals.
What is the main function of neuron?
The neuron is the basic working unit of the brain, a specialized cell designed to transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells. Neurons are cells within the nervous system that transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells.
What are the 4 types of neurons?
There are four main types of neurons: unipolar, bipolar, multipolar, and pseudounipolar neurons. Glia are non-neuronal cells in the nervous system that support neuronal development and signaling. There are several types of glia that serve different functions.
What is nervous tissue class 9?
Nervous or the nerve tissue is the main tissue of our nervous system. It monitors and regulates the functions of the body. Nervous tissue consists of two cells: nerve cells or neurons and glial cells, which helps transmit nerve impulses and also provides nutrients to neurons.
What are the types of nervous tissue?
Nervous tissue is grouped into two main categories: neurons and neuroglia. Neurons, or nerves, transmit electrical impulses, while neuroglia do not; neuroglia have many other functions including supporting and protecting neurons.
What is the basic unit of nervous tissue?
The basic unit of the nervous system is a nerve cell, or neuron. The human brain contains about 100 billion neurons.