The Nervous System is divided into two parts. What are they? 1) The CNS (Central Nervous System) and 2) The PNS (Peripheral Nervous System.
What are the two parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
What are the functions that are controlled by the two parts of the nervous system?
First, the basic functions of the nervous system are sensation, integration, and response. Secondly, control of the body can be somatic or autonomic—divisions that are largely defined by the structures that are involved in the response.
What are the 2 main subdivisions of the nervous system?
The nervous system as a whole is divided into two subdivisions: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).
What is nervous system and its parts?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.
What parts of the nervous system are involved in physical sensation?
Afferent nerves are responsible for relaying sensation from the body to the central nervous system; efferent nerves are responsible for sending out commands from the CNS to the body, stimulating muscle contraction; they include all the non-sensory neurons connected with skeletal muscles and skin.
What is the main function of nervous system?
At a more integrative level, the primary function of the nervous system is to control and communicate information throughout the body. It does this by extracting information from the environment using sensory receptors. This sensory input is sent to the central nervous system, which determines an appropriate response.
What is the main function of nerve tissue?
Nervous tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It is responsible for coordinating and controlling many body activities. It stimulates muscle contraction, creates an awareness of the environment, and plays a major role in emotions, memory, and reasoning.
What are the two primary cells of the nervous system and what do they do?
Cells of the Nervous System. There are two broad classes of cells in the nervous system: neurons, which process information, and glia, which provide the neurons with mechanical and metabolic support.
What are the 3 major organs of the nervous system?
The nervous system in a human is made of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs and all the neurons that serve as communication channels between the various organs of the body.
How is nervous system divided?
The nervous system can be divided into two major subdivisions: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS), shown in [link]. The CNS is comprised of the brain and spinal cord; the PNS connects the CNS to the rest of the body.
What is difference between CNS and PNS?
The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system includes all of the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord and extend to other parts of the body including muscles and organs.
What is nervous system short answer?
The nervous system is a body system which sends signals around the body. It lets animals respond to what is around them. The central nervous system is the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves. … The structure of the system includes the brain and spinal cord, which together are called the central nervous system.
Who discovered the nervous system?
What is the nervous system simple definition?
The nervous system controls everything you do, including breathing, walking, thinking, and feeling. This system is made up of your brain, spinal cord, and all the nerves of your body. … The nerves carry the messages to and from the body, so the brain can interpret them and take action.