What are Standardised instructions psychology?

Standardised procedures are established actions the experimenter takes to reduce the chances of bias occurring in the results. Some of these procedures include: Extraneous variables are variables other than the independent and dependent variables which may affect the result. …

What are Standardised procedures in psychology?

Standardisation refers to the process in which procedures used in research are kept the same. Great attention is taken to keep all elements of a procedure identical, so that methods are sensitive to any change in performance.

What does Standardised procedure mean?

Standardisation means keeping everything the same for all participants so that the investigation is fair. For example, consider the instructions that are given to the participants. … A standardised procedure would be to ask all of the participants the same set of, say, 20 questions relating to the chapter.

Why is Standardisation important in psychology?

Consistency and objectivity of how tests are administered and scored. In order to compare one person to another on a test, it is important that they take the test under the same conditions and the same scoring procedure is applied to both. This is way standardization is so important in testing. …

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What does Procedure mean in psychology?

1. A logical sequence of actions leading to a goal. 2. The set way a study is to be structured or has been structured.

How do you randomly allocate participants in psychology?

Random Allocation – One way to control for issues like this is to randomly allocate people to conditions. So we might have our 100 participants and randomly split them into two groups. For example, putting all the names into a hat then picking out one for group 1, one for group 2, one for group 1 and so on.

What is a debrief in psychology?

Debriefing is rooted in the ethical aspect of psychological research. Debriefing refers to the postexperimental process of revealing all aspects of the study, including any deception, to the research participants. … In fact, it can be found in almost any discipline involved in research.

What is standardization and why is it important?

Standardization brings innovation and spreads knowledge

Standards are reference documents that represent a consensus among the players in a given industry and that define voluntary characteristics and rules in a specific industry. … In that way, standards foster the development of the industry involved.

What is validity in psychology?

Validity is the extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure. … It is vital for a test to be valid in order for the results to be accurately applied and interpreted.

What is internal validity in psychology?

What is Internal Validity? Internal validity is the extent to which a study establishes a trustworthy cause-and-effect relationship between a treatment and an outcome.

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What does reliable mean in psychology?

The term reliability in psychological research refers to the consistency of a research study or measuring test. For example, if a person weighs themselves during the course of a day they would expect to see a similar reading. … If findings from research are replicated consistently they are reliable.

What are norms in psychology?

n. 1. a standard or range of values that represents the typical performance of a group or of an individual (of a certain age, for example) against which comparisons can be made. 2. a conversion of a raw score into a scaled score that is more easily interpretable, such as a percentile or an IQ score.

What does counterbalance mean in psychology?

Counterbalancing is one way to control for order effects. Counterbalancing basically means mixing up the order in which tasks are performed in a repeated measures design. So with the experiment above, you might split the participants into two groups.

What is randomisation in psychology?

Randomization is the process of making groups of items random (in no predictable order), like shuffling cards in a card game, using a random number table to select units for sampling in quality control, or selecting a sample population for examination in research by having minimal guidelines for selection.

How do you write a procedure in psychology?


  1. Describe the precise procedure you followed when carrying out your research i.e. exactly what you did.
  2. Describe in sufficient detail to allow for replication of findings.
  3. Be concise in your description and omit extraneous / trivial details.

What is cause and effect in psychology?

Cause and effect refers to a relationship between two phenomena in which one phenomenon is the reason behind the other. For example, eating too much fast food without any physical activity leads to weight gain.

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Applied Psychology