Mentally retarded: Always try to specify the type of disability being referenced. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable.
What is the politically correct term for mentally disabled?
Term Now Used: intellectual disability. Term no longer in use: mentally handicapped. Term Now Used: intellectually disabled. Term no longer in use: normal. Term Now Used: non-disabled.
What do you call a disabled person?
Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.
Why is the term handicapped offensive?
By the 1970’s changes were developing and terms like cripple, lame, gimp and a host of others became offensive terms because they focused on a person’s deficits rather than the person themselves. Over time, “Handicapped” began to be replaced by the term disabled.
How do you refer to a person with disabilities?
Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities. Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”
What is a mentally ill person called?
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode.
What does mentally disabled mean?
Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.
What is disability first language?
People-first language emphasizes the individuality, equality and dignity of people with disabilities. Rather than defining people primarily by their disability, people-first language conveys respect by emphasizing the fact that people with disabilities are first and foremost just that—people.
What is a disability?
A disability is any condition of the body or mind (impairment) that makes it more difficult for the person with the condition to do certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with the world around them (participation restrictions).
What can I say instead of disabled?
2. Words to use and avoidAvoidUseconfined to a wheelchair, wheelchair-boundwheelchair usermentally handicapped, mentally defective, retarded, subnormalwith a learning disability (singular) with learning disabilities (plural)cripple, invaliddisabled personspasticperson with cerebral palsy9
What is difference between handicap and disability?
As traditionally used, impairment refers to a problem with a structure or organ of the body; disability is a functional limitation with regard to a particular activity; and handicap refers to a disadvantage in filling a role in life relative to a peer group.
Is mentally challenged offensive?
Mentally retarded: Always try to specify the type of disability being referenced. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled .
What do you feel when you see persons with disabilities?
It’s a natural human response to look at people who are different, but staring can make a person with disabilities feel dehumanized. … It’s not everyday you see a person without arms, much less a woman without arms, traveling alone.